Realia, an Italian term meaning the 'real thing', is library-speak for objects, mementos and artifacts. Realia is mainly found within the Library's heritage collections and has been collected because of its association with people or events in Victorian history.

Ned Kelly’s armour is the best-known piece of realia in the Library, on display in the South Rotunda. Other examples in the Library's collection include:

Many of these items have been photographed and can be viewed online in the library catalogue – use the term 'realia' to explore the eclectic collection of items held by the Library.