Following the discovery of gold in Victoria in 1850, Melbourne flourished and became a great and permanent city.
Victoria's population increased dramatically throughout the second half of the 19th century, rising from almost 33,000 in 1846 to more than 850,000 in 1880.
The foundations of law and order were established through the development of the Supreme Court of Victoria, University of Melbourne, Melbourne Public Library (now known as State Library Victoria) and Natural History Museum.
With order, however, came chaos; and with law came disorder. Edward 'Ned' Kelly needs no introduction in Australia; he is variously seen as a hero, a criminal, a larrikin and a champion of the underdog.
Since the infamous Kelly outbreak at Glenrowan in 1880, Ned Kelly’s actions have been studied, analysed and interpreted endlessly, making it impossible to separate the man from the myth.
This image gallery presents an overview of items reflecting the themes of law and order that have been on display in The Changing Face of Victoria exhibition since it opened in 2004.
Visit our other online galleries that explore The changing face of Victoria: